By M. Williams

ISBN-10: 0203227735

ISBN-13: 9780203227732

ISBN-10: 1857283120

ISBN-13: 9781857283129

This can be an available advent to the philosophy of social study which relates philosophical rules to genuine learn perform. The publication makes powerful use of illustrations from the united kingdom, US and Europe to envision particular difficulties and broader matters. The ebook is meant for undergraduate and postgraduate classes in social study equipment inside sociology, social coverage, politics, social psychology, human geography; philosophy of social technology and social concept classes; and as a private reference for pro researchers.

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Additional info for An Introduction To The Philosophy Of Social Research (Social Research Today, 9)

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A great deal of effort is expended to establish the cause of an aeroplane crash, so that the defect might be rectified. The reasoning being that if the fault caused one plane to crash, it might well be the cause of further crashes. As such, cause is commonly held to be necessary for an event. No events occur without a cause and to explain an event is to know its cause. In these terms, science may be characterized as the search for causes. Hume (1911) argued that if all we know of the world comes through our senses, then what we know of causes and effects must come to us in 19 WHAT IS SCIENCE?

Popper thus shifted the focus of science from justification to discovery through error elimination. His contributions to the philosophy of science were far from being any kind of definitive, or final statement, but more the key that opened a Pandora’s box. This Pandora’s box was less a result of his falibilism and more a result of the introduction of personally subjective and social psychological criteria into the process of science. It will be recalled that Popper had taken issue with the empiricists, not just on the question of induction, but also on the grounds that observation is not neutral, but is theory laden.

Though he insists that these observations are themselves open to refutation (Popper 1983:111), it remains that any decision on whether or not a theory is falsified is the product of agreement between scientists at a particular time. This, in turn, depends on their seeing the same thing, or at least agreeing that they saw the same thing. Popper always maintained that science was a discipline “without a subject”. Nevertheless, by allowing that the theories of science may have been arrived at purely fortuitously he admitted of the existence of subjective criteria in the research process.

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An Introduction To The Philosophy Of Social Research (Social Research Today, 9) by M. Williams

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