ISBN-10: 0191502030

ISBN-13: 9780191502033

A few of the present debates approximately validity in psychiatry and psychology are predicated at the unforeseen failure to validate universal diagnostic different types. the popularity of this failure has ended in, what Thomas Kuhn calls, a interval of impressive technology during which validation difficulties are given elevated weight, choices are proposed, methodologies are debated, and philosophical and old analyses are noticeable as extra correct than ordinary.

In this significant new booklet within the IPPP sequence, a bunch of top thinkers in psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy provide substitute views that handle either the clinical and scientific features of psychiatric validation, emphasizing all through their philosophical and old issues.

This is a booklet that every one psychiatrists, in addition to philosophers with an curiosity in psychiatry, will locate proposal frightening and useful.

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Additional info for Alternative Perspectives on Psychiatric Calidation: DSM, IDC, RDoC, and Beyond (International Perspectives in Philosophy and Psychiatry)

Sample text

The “Kraepelinian” stance. , etiology, Conclusions neuronal structural abnormalities or dysfunctions, other pathophysiological alterations). Contrary to the common view that the DSM-I and DSM-II were psychodynamic tools incompatible with a Kraepelinian approach, this chapter shows that this approach subtends all the DSMs, including the DSM-5. Only the DSM-I concept of “reaction of the psychobiological unit” is not clearly included in this continuity. There are reasons to believe that this Kraepelinian assumption is now in crisis (Aragona 2009b), and the most recent neurocognitive proposals revise it only in part.

National Institute of Mental Health’s Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC), which was the result of a collaborative effort by Spitzer, Robins, and colleagues. 3. Similar to Kendell and Jablensky (2003), Borsboom et al. (2004) are critical of how the term validity is used. They claim that in psychological testing the concept of validity has become so broad that every important test-related issue is relevant to validity. Instead, they propose making the term more precise. According to them, validity should refer to whether the variations in the psychological attribute in question causally produce the variations in the measured outcomes.

Two theoretical assumptions were particularly relevant. , those relying on the last few untestable psychodynamic residuals still present in the DSM-II general concept of neurosis); c) faith in the existence of a purely observable basis for diagnosis; and d) the introduction of the operational diagnostic criteria as rules of correspondence linking the observational level of symptoms to the abstract level of mental disorders. The second main implicit theoretical stance was a neo-Kraepelinian, biomedical assumption, conceiving the essence of psychiatry as that of being a medical discipline.

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Alternative Perspectives on Psychiatric Calidation: DSM, IDC, RDoC, and Beyond (International Perspectives in Philosophy and Psychiatry)


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