By A.J. Larner
The Dictionary of Neurological symptoms might be nearly besides defined when it comes to what the booklet isn't, besides information about what it really is. The Dictionary isn't a instruction manual for remedy of neuropathies. whereas many entries give you the most recent treatment plans, up to date cures usually are not mentioned in bedside point aspect. The Dictionary isn't really a board evaluate booklet since it isn't really in Q&A structure yet may perhaps simply serve in that ability because every one access is a reasonably entire photo of a selected sickness or disease.
The Dictionary is an alphabetical directory of in general featuring neurological illnesses and issues designed to lead the general practitioner towards the right kind scientific prognosis. The content material is targeted, problem-based, concise and useful. The established entries during this sensible, scientific source supply a thumbnail of quite a lot of neurological symptoms. every one access includes:
• definition of the sign
• a short account of the medical approach required to elicit the sign
• description of the opposite indicators that may accompany the index sign
• clarification of pathyophysiological and/or pharmacological background
• differential diagnosis
• short remedy details.
Where recognized, the entries additionally contain neuroanatomical foundation of the signal. The DICTIONARY presents functional, concise solutions to complicated medical questions.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Neurological Signs
Loss of “awareness” in Alzheimer’s disease. ). Cognitive neuropsychology of Alzheimer’s disease (2nd edition). Oxford: OUP, 2004: 275-296 Starkstein SE, Fedorof JP, Price TR, Leiguarda R, Robinson RG. Anosognosia in patients with cerebrovascular lesions: a study of causative factors. Stroke 1992; 23: 1446-1453. Cross References Agnosia; Anosodiaphoria; Asomatognosia; Cortical blindness; Extinction; Jargon aphasia; Misoplegia; Neglect; Somatoparaphrenia Anserina Autonomically mediated piloerection and thermoconstriction may produce “goose bumps,” cold and bumpy skin that may be likened to that of a plucked goose.
Anosodiaphoria usually follows a stage of anosognosia. La belle indifférence describes a similar lack of concern for acknowledged disabilities which are psychogenic. References Babinski JM. Contribution à l’étude des troubles mentaux dans l’hémiplégie organique cerebrale (anosognosia). Revue Neurologique 1914; 12: 845-848 Cross References Anosognosia; Belle indifférence Anosognosia Anosognosia refers to a patient’s unawareness or denial of illness. The term was first used by von Monakow (1885) and has been used to describe denial of blindness (Anton’s syndrome), deafness, hemiplegia (Babinski), hemianopia, aphasia, and amnesia.
Functional imaging studies suggest medial temporal lobe activation is required for encoding with additional prefrontal activation with “deep” processing; medial temporal and prefrontal activation are also seen with retrieval. Many causes of amnesia are recognized, including: ● Acute/transient: Closed head injury Drugs - 22 - A Amusia ● Transient global amnesia Transient epileptic amnesia Transient semantic amnesia (very rare) Chronic/persistent: Alzheimer’s disease (may show isolated amnesia in early disease) Sequela of herpes simplex encephalitis Limbic encephalitis (paraneoplastic or nonparaneoplastic) Hypoxic brain injury Temporal lobectomy (bilateral; or unilateral with previous contralateral injury, usually birth asphyxia) Bilateral posterior cerebral artery occlusion Korsakoff’s syndrome Bilateral thalamic infarction Third ventricle tumor, cyst Focal retrograde amnesia (rare) Few of the chronic persistent causes of amnesia are amenable to specific treatment.
A Dictionary of Neurological Signs by A.J. Larner